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negotiate的反义词(negotiate的同义词)

Section Ⅰ

Ⅰ.高频单词点击

1.civil (adj.)公民的;国民的→civilian (n.)平民;一般市民

2.register (v. & n.)登记;注册→registered (adj.)登记过的→registration (n.)注册;挂号;登记

3.boycott(n.)抵制;排斥

4.prohibit (vt.)禁止;阻止→prohibition (n.)禁止→prohibitive (adj.)禁止的

5.offence (n.)冒犯;违法行为→offend (v.)冒犯;伤害(别人的)感情→offensive (adj.)攻击的;令人不愉快的

6.unjust (adj.) 不公平的;不公正的→just (adj.)公平的→justice (n.)公平;公正

7.separation (n.)分离;分开→separate (v.)分离(adj.)各自的;分开的

8.tradition (n.)传统;惯例→traditional (adj.)传统的;惯例的→traditionally (adv.)传统上;照惯例

9.submit (v.)服从;听从→submission (n.)服从;听从

10.unwilling (adj.)不愿意的;勉强的→willing (反义词)愿意的→will (n.)意愿;意志

11.seize (v.)抓住;逮住;夺取

12.collision (n.)碰撞;冲突→collide (v.)碰撞;相撞

13.hopeful (adj.)怀有希望的;有希望的→hopeless (反义词)没有希望的→hope (n. & v.)希望

14.negotiate (v.)商议;谈判;磋商

15.chaos (n.)混乱

16.punctual (adj.)守时的;准时的

17.coincidence (n.)巧合→coincide (v.)同时发生;巧合→coincident (adj.)巧合的

18.march (vi.)前进;进军

19.salute (v. & n.)敬礼;行礼致敬

20.abuse (v. & n.)滥用;虐待;辱骂

21.fundamental (adj.)基础的;基本的

22.evident (adj.)明显的;显然的→evidence (n.)证据→evidently (adv.)显然;明显地

Ⅱ.重点短语必记

1.seize on         抓住;利用

2.fight against ... 与……斗争

3.on the basis of 以……为基础

4.decide_on ……做出决定

5.on the other hand 另一方面

6.make up 编造

7.lead_to 导致;通向

8.become accustomed to 变得习惯于……

Ⅲ.常用句型必备

1.It seemed like an answer to a prayer!

2.Serena came home to say that the news that the boycott was over was going to be all over the newspapers tomorrow.

Ⅳ.课文缩写填空

On December 25th, a boycott 1.led(lead) by Martin Luther King, Jr began.All blacks refused to take buses 2.or trolleybuses. They either took taxies or 3.marched (march) on the pavement. 4.With the whites' hostility growing, the houses of the boycott leaders 5.were_bombed (bomb). In the end, on November 13th, 1956, the US Supreme Court declared the 6.separation(separate) on buses was wrong, 7which showed that blacks won a victory in the battle. But they thought 8.it was only one small blow for liberty. And then the success of the bus boycott began the Civil Rights Movement throughout the USA.This movement ended the 9.unfair (fair) system for black people in education, housing, jobs, voting and hotels.Just imagine their 10.happiness (happy) at the good news.

Section_Ⅱ

Warming Up & Reading — Language Points

1.prohibit vt.禁止;阻止;使不可能发生

prohibit sb.from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事

The students are prohibited from smoking in our schoolyard.

学生不准在校园内抽烟。

The high cost of equipment prohibits many people from taking up this sport.

昂贵的装备令许多人对这项运动望而却步。

表示"阻止某人做某事"的短语还有:

keep sb.from doing sth.

forbid sb.to do sth.

They forbid children to swim in the river.

他们不让孩子们到河里游泳。

forbid, prohibit

(1)forbid常表示直接或私自下命令加以禁止,并希望他人遵循。

His wife forbids him to smoke.

他妻子不让他抽烟。

(2)prohibit表示制定正式规章,并有强制执行的意思。

In our city smoking is prohibited by law.

在我们市,抽烟是法律禁止的。

介词填空/用所给词的适当形式填空

(1)I am afraid that the appointment will prohibit me from joining you in dinner.

(2)Since last year, the citizens in that country have been prohibited (prohibit) from travelling abroad.

2.offence n. 冒犯;犯罪;得罪;犯规;违法行为

I'm sure he meant no offence when he said that.

我确信他那么说并无冒犯之意。

give/cause offence to   触犯;使……生气

take offence (at sth.) (因某事)而生气

One cannot hear such a remark without taking offence.

听了这样的话,谁都会生气的。

The doctor's advice gave offence to his patient.

医生的忠告使病人不高兴。

offend v.    冒犯;得罪;犯罪;犯法;违背/反对

offensive adj. 令人不快的;侮辱的

He offended against good manners.

他违反礼仪。

   完成句子

(1)No one will take offence (生气) if you leave early.

(2)He started giving/causing offence to (触犯) the law at the age of 16.

3.separation n. 分开;离别;分居

His separation from his mother made him unhappy.

与母亲的分别使他很不高兴。

They were pleased to meet after such a long separation.

久别重逢,他们非常高兴。

separate

separate A from B  把A与B分开

The children sleep in separate beds.

孩子们分别睡在各自的床上。

The two children separated at the end of the road.

两个孩子在路的尽头分手了。

A fence separated the cows from the pigs.

围栏把奶牛和猪分开。

separate, divide

(1)separate与from搭配,表示"将……与……分开",指把原来连在一起或靠近的分隔开来。

(2)divide与into搭配,往往是指把某个整体划分为若干部分。

   单句改错

We'd better divide the good apples from the bad ones.

divide→separate

4. submit v.服从;听从;提交;主张;认为

submit (oneself) to ... (使……)服从/屈服于……

submit ... to ... 把……提交给……

She refused to submit to threats.

面对威胁,她拒不低头。

We should submit our plans to the council for approval.

我们应该向理事会提交计划以求批准。

  用所给词的适当形式填空/介词填空

(1)Counsel for the defence submitted (submit) that the evidence was inadmissible.

(2)All of us should refuse to submit to failures and difficulties.

5.unwilling adj.不情愿的

be (un)willing to do sth. (不)情愿做某事

willing adj. 乐意的;心甘情愿的

He is unwilling to accept the donation.

他不愿意接受捐赠。

He is willing to help others.

他乐意帮助别人。

  用所给词的适当形式填空

(1)They are willing to_prefer(prefer) the better when the best is unattainable.

(2)Furthermore, students have to pay international postage to send letters, something the students might be unwilling (will) to do.

6.seize v.抓住;夺取;逮捕;扣押

He seized her by the arm.

他抓住了她的胳膊。

She tried to seize the gun from him.

她试图夺他的枪。

The army seized the fort.

*占领了这个要塞。

  翻译句子

抓住机会,不然你会后悔的。

Seize the chance, otherwise/or/or else you'll regret it.

7.coincidence n.(在时间或空间上)巧合;巧合的事物

by coincidence        巧合地

It is/was a coincidence that ... 巧合的是……

What a coincidence that ... ……多巧(的事情)啊!

By coincidence, we arrived here at the same time.

我们碰巧同时到达这儿。

It was a coincidence that he was born on his mother's birthday.

他在他母亲生日那天出生,真是巧事。

What a coincidence that I was in Beijing just when you were.

真是巧合,你在北京时我也在。

  一句多译

真巧,玛丽也在那儿。

(1)By coincidence Mary was there too.

(2)It was a coincidence that Mary was there too.

(3)What a coincidence that Mary was there too.

8.march vi.&vt.进军;前进;游行示威

n.行军;进行;进展;示威游行;罢工

The soldiers marched along the street.

士兵们行进在街道上。

The soldiers were tired after the long march.

士兵长途行军后都疲倦了。

march on    继续行进;向……行进(以示抗议)

on the march 在行军中;在进行中

After a short rest, they marched on.

休息了一会儿之后,他们继续前行。

Science is on the march.

科学正在发展中。

  完成句子

The soldiers were on the march (在行军中) from March to May.

1.fight against

(1)与……对抗;与……搏斗

He fought against cancer and lived to be eighty.

他和癌症抗争,并活到了80岁。

(2)与……战斗

They fought against the enemy fiercely.

他们猛烈地对敌作战。

fight for      为……而斗争

fight one's way 打开一条道路;奋勇前进

They are fighting for liberation.

他们正为解放而奋斗。

  完成句子

(1)However, we can fight against (与……对抗) this natural process by eating eggs.

(2)The slaves fought for (为了……而战) the freedom.

2.make up

(1)化装;上装

The woman spends an hour making up every morning.

那女人每天早晨花一小时的时间化装。

(2)编造

I told the kids a story, making it up as I went along.

我给孩子们讲了一个故事,是现编的。

(3)组成(被动式为be made up of)

We need one more person to make up a team.

我们还需要一个人才能组成一个队。

(4)占据

Girls make up 56% of the student number.

女生占学生人数的56%。

(5)和好

After a quarrel, they made up with each other.

吵过之后,他们相互和好了。

(6)补上(失去的东西);做出补偿(常与for搭配)

He drove faster to make up for lost time.

他加速驾驶以补回损失的时间。

make out      (勉强)认出;分辨出

make it 做成;成功;赶得上

make ... into ... 把……做成……

make ... out of ... 把……改制成……

Mother made her coat into my skirt.

母亲把她的外套改成裙子给我穿。

I can't make out his writing.

我无法辨认出他的笔迹。

  完成句子

(1)There was a large audience in the cinema, which was made up of(由……组成) very young students.

(2)She is very good at making up (编造) excuses.

(3)You must make up for the loss (弥补损失) for the part of Macbeth.

(4)I never thought Clare would make it (取得成功) as an actress.

1.It seemed like an answer to a prayer!

似乎是祈祷带来的结果!

It seemed like ...似乎/好像……

It seemed like a good idea at the time.

当时这主意好像不错。

It seems like years since we last met.

我们似乎好几年不见了。

seem (to be)+表语(名词、形容词或介词短语)

seem+

It seems (to sb.) that ... 看来……

It seems as if/though ... 似乎……

There seems to be ... 似乎有……

It seems as if he has been on the scene of the crime.

看样子他好像曾在犯罪现场。

There seems to be no need to help her.

似乎没有必要帮助她。

It seems that he knows everything.

=He seems to know everything.

他似乎什么都知道。

  翻译句子

(1)她父亲看上去是个好人。

It seems that her father is a kind man./Her father seems to be a kind man.

(2)我好像曾经见过他。

It_seems_that_I_have_seen_him_before./I_seem_to_have_seen_him_before.

(3)看起来像雾;事实上那是浓烟。

It_seems/seemed_like_fog;_in_fact,_it_is/was_heavy_smoke.

2.Serena came home to say that the news that the boycott was over was going to be all over the newspapers tomorrow.

塞丽娜回家说,结束抵制的消息明天将会登上所有的报纸。

这是一个复合句,第一个that引导了宾语从句,第二个that引导了同位语从句。

news, information, belief, question, fact, order, hope, thought, doubt, answer, idea等后既可以跟定语从句又可以跟同位语从句。这些词在定语从句中可作主语、宾语或表语。作宾语或表语时,可省略that;that引导同位语从句表明其前名词的具体内容,that不作成分,一般不省略。

The idea that we invited him yesterday is quite good.(同位语从句)

我们昨天邀请他这个主意很好。

The idea (that) he thought of is quite good.(定语从句)

他想出的主意不错。

The news that our team won the match is encouraging.(同位语从句)

我们队赢得比赛的消息激动人心。

The news we read on the Internet was not true.(定语从句)

我们在网上看到的新闻不是真的。

  完成句子

(1)We expressed the hope that_they_would_come_to_China_again (欢迎他们再来中国).

(2)We expressed the hope (that)_they_had_told_us(他们曾经告诉我们的希望).

Section_Ⅲ

Learning_about_Language

Ⅰ.高频单词点击

1.brief (adj.)简短的;短暂的→briefly (adv.)简洁地;短暂地

2.discrimination (n.)歧视→discriminate (v.)歧视

3.commit (vt.)犯罪;做(不合法的或错的事)

Ⅱ.重点短语必记

1.play a very important role in_(doing) sth.

          在(做)……中起重要作用

2.reach an agreement 达成协议

3.succeed in (doing) sth. 成功做了某事

4.be set in 以……为背景

5.deal with 论述;处理

6.speak up 大声说出来

Ⅲ.常用句型必备

1.Here you can take my copy now_that I've finished with it.

2.He had none today, nor_would_he have any the next day.

Ⅳ.单元语法聚焦

The Tenses(时态)

 brief

(1)adj.简短的;短暂的;简单的

There is a brief meeting tomorrow.

明天有个短会。

to be brief         简而言之

To be brief, we can't accept such terms.

简单地说,我们不能接受这样的条件。

(2)n.任务;摘要

in brief       简单地说;简明扼要的

In brief, he was careless.

简单地说,他粗心大意。

briefly adv.   短暂地;简短地

简而言之

To put it briefly, the meeting was a disaster.

简而言之,那次会议就是一次灾难。

in brief, in short

(1)in brief着重于重点突出,不拖泥带水。

(2)in short多用来在较长叙述之后长话短说,带有"综上所述"的意思。

  用brief的短语填空

(1)There is not much time left, so I'll tell you about it in_brief.

(2)To_put_it_briefly/Briefly_speaking/To_be_brief,_let me tell you what happened.

1.succeed in doing sth.成功地做某事

He succeeded in getting a place at art school.

他被艺术学校录取了。

Rio succeeded in hosting the 2016 Summer Olympics.

里约成功举办了2016年夏季奥运会。

succeed

successful adj.        成功的;有成就的

be successful in doing sth. 成功地做某事

success n. 成功;成功的人或事

Who will succeed to the estate?

谁将继承那笔遗产?

Who succeeded Kennedy as President?

接替肯尼迪任*的是谁?

  句型转换

They managed to save the drowning child.

=They_succeeded_in_saving_the_drowning_child.

=They were successful in saving the drowning child.

2.be set in以……为背景

The story was set in Shanghai in the 1930s.

这个故事以二十世纪三十年代的上海为背景。

The film records the life of farmers set in the First World War.

这部电影记录了以一战为背景的农民的生活。

set about 开始(某工作);着手做某事(doing sth.)

set off    开始;启程(for);爆炸;燃放

set out 出发上路;开始做(to do sth.)

set up 设置;建立

set aside 把……放在一边;搁置;留出

They have set off for Shanghai.

他们已出发到上海去了。

I set aside my overcoat and took out my summer clothes.

我把大衣放起来,取出了夏天的衣服。

  介、副词填空)

(1)The family have set aside some money for the journey.

(2)The doctors set about saving the injured the moment they arrived.

(3)Don't set off the fireworks in the city.

(4)They set out/off for Tianjin the next day.

(5)A new government was set up after the civil war.

1.Here you can take my copy now_that I've finished with it.

既然我已读完,你可以拿我这本。

now that由于;既然,表示原因,引导原因状语从句,口语中that可以省去。

Now that you have grown up, you must stop this childish behavior.

既然你已长大,就不要再有这种孩子气的行为。

Now that you are an adult, you should think about your future carefully.

既然你已是个成年人了,你应该仔细地考虑一下你的将来。

  完成句子

Now_that_he_is_so_rude_to_us (既然他这么粗鲁地对我们), I think we have to punish him.

2.He had none today, nor_would_he have any the next day.

他今天没有午餐,接下来的任何一天也不会有。

nor would he ...是nor引起的表示部分倒装的句子。

否定副词或含有否定词的介词短语置于句首时,主句须用部分倒装。如:seldom, never, little, hardly, not, nowhere, no sooner, in no way, by no means等。

Never have I seen such a good film.

我从未看过这么好的电影。

By no means should he be left alone.

他绝不该被单独留下。

We didn't know the news; nor did we care about it.

我们不知道这一消息,我们也不在乎它。

  把下列句子改成倒装句

(1)You can find such a beautiful place nowhere else.

Nowhere_else_can_you_find such a beautiful place.

(2)He knew little of the matter.

Little_did_he_know of the matter.

(3)I could hardly say anything at that moment.

Hardly_could_I say anything at that moment.

时 态

一、英语中动词的时态一共有16种。现以动词write为例将英语的16种时态列表如下:

二、时态的考查是高考的热点,高考主要考查8种时态的形式和用法,详见下表:

三、与动词时态连用的固定句式

1.This/It is the first/second ...time+that从句。that从句一般用现在完成时,如果把前边的is改为was,则that从句用过去完成时。

This is the first time I have come here.

这是我第一次来这儿。

It was the third time (that) he had made the same mistake.

这是他第三次犯同样的错误。

2.It is/has been+一段时间+since从句。since从句中一般用过去时,如果将前边的is改为was,则since从句中用过去完成时。

It was ten years since we had had such a wonderful time.

我们有十年没有像这样玩得高兴了。

3.be about to do ... when ...意为"即将……(这时)突然……"。

I was about to go out when the telephone rang.

我刚要出去这时电话铃响了。

4.be (was/were)+doing ... when ...意为"正在做……(这时)突然……"。

They were reading when Tom shouted in pain.

他们正在阅读这时汤姆疼得大叫起来。

5.Hardly had ... done ... when ...; No sooner had ... done ... than ...

when和than从句里用一般过去时,表示"刚刚……就……"。

Hardly (No sooner) had I got home when (than) the rain poured down.

我刚到家大雨就倾盆而下了。

6.It+be+一段时间+before从句

这个句式分两种情况:如果主句用将来时,则从句用一般现在时表将来时,意为多长时间以后即将发生某事;如果主句用过去时,从句也用过去时,意为多长时间后发生了某事。

It won't be long before he succeeds.(=He will succeed soon.)

他不久就会成功。

Section_Ⅳ

Using_Language

Ⅰ.高频单词点击

1.brotherhood (n.)兄弟关系;手足情谊

2.symphony (n.)交响乐;交响曲

3.Catholic (n.)天主教徒

Ⅱ.重点短语必记

1.live out        活过;实践

2.transform into 变成

3.speed up 加速

4.point of view 观点

5.be convinced of 相信……

6.be accused of 被指控……

7.stand up for 维护;支持

8.draw attention to 注意

Ⅲ.常用句型必备

1.This will be the day, this will be the day when all of God's children will be able to sing with new meaning "My country, sweet land of liberty — to you I sing.Land where my father died, from every mountain, let freedom ring!"

2.And if America is_to_be a great nation, this must become true.

Ⅳ.功能意念项目

1.I'd like to ...     2.This is ...

3.Good luck. 4.It's wonderful.

5.That sounds fun. 6.I will ...

 brotherhood n.手足情谊;兄弟关系;宗教组织

Today we live in peace and brotherhood.

今天我们生活在和平互爱中。

Nothing can make him give up the brotherhood between them.

没有东西能使他放弃他们之间的手足情谊。

brother n.    兄弟;同事;v.以兄弟相称

brotherly adj. 兄弟般的;亲切友好的

He is like a brother to me.

他和我情同手足。

He gave her a brotherly kiss on the cheek.

他像亲兄弟一样吻了她的面颊。

-hood为名词后缀,意为"……的状态,性质"

childhood         儿童时期

neighbourhood 街区;邻近的地方

girlhood 少女时期

boyhood 少年时代

sisterhood 姐妹情谊

  用brother, brotherly, brotherhood填空

(1)The blacks hoped that one day they would be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood with the whites.

(2)This is a brotherly love.

(3)The man under the tree is my elder brother.

1.live out实践;活过;住在外面

They tried to live out the true meaning of its creed.

他们在努力实践这信条的真谛。

The patient lived out another fortnight.

病人又活了两个星期。

Most of the workers of the factory live out.

这家工厂的大部分工人住在外面。

live for     为……而活着

live up to 真正做到;无愧于;不辜负

live with 与……住在一起;与……共同生活;忍受

live by     以……为生;依靠……为生

live on 靠……生活;以……为主食

live/lead a happy life 过幸福的生活

live through 经历;活过

He lived for adventure.

他平生喜欢冒险。

We will live up to what our parents expect of us.

我们决不辜负父母对我们的期望。

You have to learn to live with stress.

你必须学会忍受压力。

live by, live on

(1)live by表示"通过……手段取得收入;把……作为生计",介词by表示方式,后接常与职业有关的名词或动名词。

(2)live on表示"以……为主食;靠……过活",介词on表示依赖、依靠某人、某物过活,常与食物有关的名词搭配。

He lived by begging instead of on government welfare.

他以乞讨为生而不是靠*的救济金生活。

  完成句子

(1)He has lived_through (经历过) two big earthquakes.

(2)His work lives_up_to (配得上) his reputation.

(3)Now more and more college students want to live_out (住在外面).

(4)You can't live_on (靠……生活)forty pounds a week.

(5)Since then, the woman has_lived_a_peaceful_life (过着宁静的生活).

2.stand up for维护;支持

You must stand up for your rights.

你必须维护你自己的权利。

We have to stand up for him, though we don't like him. 

我们虽然不喜欢他,但必须支持他。

stand for     代表;象征;主张

stand by 袖手旁观;站在……的一边

stand out 突出;杰出

GNP stands for gross national product.

GNP代表国民生产总值。

Don't just stand by.Do something.

不要袖手旁观,做些事情吧。

The hat stood out because of its strange shape.

那顶帽子因造型奇特而引人注目。

  翻译句子

(1)请记住,无论发生什么,我都会拥护你。

Please_remember_I_will_stand_by/up_for_you_whatever_happens.

(2)橄榄枝象征着和平。

The_olive_branch_stands_for_peace.

1....this will be the day when all of God's children will be able to sing with new meaning "My country, sweet land of liberty — to you I sing.Land where my father died, from every mountain, let freedom ring!"

在这一天里所有上帝的子女将能够以全新的意义歌唱"我的祖国,甜蜜的自由之邦——为了你,我歌唱。我父亲长眠的土地,从每座山上,让自由回荡!"

句中when和where引导的是定语从句,分别指代其前的先行词the day, land,在从句中都作状语。

People will never forget the day when the earthquake took place.

人们永远不会忘记那场地震发生的日子。

This building is the Bird's Nest, where Beijing Olympic Games were held.

这个建筑就是鸟巢,北京奥运会就是在那里举办的。

when和where都可以引导定语从句或状语从句。都在从句中作状语。

在定语从句中,when和where相当于"介词+which",并且前面有表时间或地点的先行词构成"时间+when+从句"或"地点+where+从句"的结构。在状语从句中,when和where不等于"介词+which",从句可以放在主句前也可以放在主句后。试比较:

  用适当的连接词填空

(1)Peter was going out for a walk when the telephone rang.

(2)If you are traveling where the customs are really foreign to your own, please do as the Romans do.

(3)He was born in the year when/in_which the Anti-Japanese War broke out.

2.And if America is_to_be a great nation, this must become true.

如果美国要成为一个伟大的国家,这必须成为现实。

be to do

(1)用于条件句中,意为"如果想……;设想"。

If we are to be there on time, we'll have to hurry up.

如果我们想准时到那儿,那就得快点。

(2)表示计划、安排、不可避免将要发生的事。

I am to see him at six o'clock.

我打算6点去看他。

Not a cloud was to be seen.

一丝云彩也见不到。

(3)表"应该;必须",含有命令的意味。

You are to report to the police.

你应该报警。

(4)表示命运,即命中注定要发生的事。

They said good-bye, little knowing that they were never to meet again.

他们告了别,不知道以后再也不会见面了。

  用所给词的适当形式填空

(1)In such dry weather, the flowers will have to be watered if they are to_survive (survive).

(2)The letter is to_be_handed (hand) to him in person. Hurry!

演 讲 稿

【写作任务】

假设你是晨光中学的学生会*李华。学生会将举办每年一度的英语演讲比赛,本年度的主题为"The English Novel I Like Best"。作为组织者,你将在演讲比赛开幕时发言,请你根据以下提示用英语写一篇发言稿。

1.说明比赛的意义,如提高英语听说能力,养成读书的习惯等;

2.说明比赛的注意事项,如每人演讲不超过5分钟,语言流利,发音准确等;

3.预祝比赛圆满成功。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可适当加入细节,以使行文连贯;

3.发言稿的开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。

Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen,

Welcome to this year's English speech competition._______________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

Thank you!

【范文在线】

Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen,

Welcome to this year's English speech competition.Taking part in English speech competition is a helpful way to learn English.While we fully prepare for the competition, we can improve our abilities of listening and speaking and develop a good habit of reading English.In the process of the competition, you should pay special attention to the following rules.First, you should finish your speech in five minutes.Second, try your best to express yourself in English fluently.Finally, you should have a good English pronunciation.

I hope that the English speech competition will be a great success!

Thank you!

【靓点点击】

这是一篇很实用的演讲稿,主要包含了以下要点:比赛的意义,比赛的注意事项,预祝比赛圆满成功。作者在行文中也使用了部分高级词汇与句式:develop a good habit of doing ...; take part in; pay attention to等。

演讲稿一般由开头、主体和结尾三部分构成。

1.演讲稿的开头主要有如下几种方法:

(1)开门见山,亮出主旨。

这种开头不绕弯子,直奔主题,开宗明义地提出自己的观点。

(2)叙述事实,交代背景。

开头向听众报告一些新发生的事实,比较容易引起人们的注意,吸引听众倾听。

(3)提出问题,发人深思

通过提问,引导听众思考一个问题,并由此造成一个悬念,引起听众欲知答案的期待。

(4)引用警句,引出下文

引用内涵深刻、发人深省的警句,引出下面的内容来。

2.演讲稿的主体要层层展开,一步步说服听众。主体部分展开的方式有以下两种:

(1)并列式。

并列式就是围绕演讲稿的中心论点,从不同角度、不同侧面进行表现,其结构形态呈放射状四面展开。

(2)递进式。

即从表面、浅层入手,步步深入、层层推进,最终揭示主题。

3.演讲稿的结尾要干脆利落,简洁有力。

演讲稿的结尾是主体内容发展的必然结果。结尾或归纳、或升华、或希望、或号召,方式很多。好的结尾应收拢全篇,卒章显志,干脆利落,简洁有力,切忌画蛇添足,节外生枝。

假设有一批英国中学生将来你校就读,校方要求你在开班典礼上介绍一下学校的有关要求。请按以下要点写一篇发言稿。

1.上学要穿戴整洁。

2.上课不迟到、早退。

3.保持校园整洁。

4.走路靠右行;若要骑车上学,请办自行车许可证。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。

Good morning, dear friends.Welcome to our school. ______________________________

_______________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

Thanks.

参考范文:

Good morning, dear friends.Welcome to our school.

Now please allow me to introduce you some of our school rules here.As high school students, firstly, we are expected to be neatly dressed when at school.Secondly, it must be made clear that we should never be late for class or leave school before it is over.The school is a place for us to live and study in, so we must keep it clean.Lastly, when you are walking on the road, please remember to keep to the right, and, if you want to go to school by bike, you must have a bicycle-permit.

Thanks.

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